New Delhi. According to the Economic Review Report 2019-20 presented in Parliament on Friday, students in rural areas spend an average of 10 percent more on books, stationery and uniforms than students in urban areas.
However, the report states That there has been improvement in all areas in terms of participation in the education system. The report presented by Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman said that the absence of continuous financial aid system and higher fees for courses, especially in higher education, is driving away the poor and disadvantaged sections from the education system. The Economic Survey report, quoting the National Sample Survey (NSS) report 2017-18, said that in 2017-18, there were about 13.6 per cent of people between three years and 35 years who were not registered in the education system. The reason for not being registered was their anorexia and financial troubles for education. "
The report said that out of those who got registered in schools, the percentage of those who left the primary level was 10% whereas the secondary classes. The percentage of dropouts in school was 17.5 percent. The dropout at the higher secondary level was 19.8 percent. According to the report, according to the expenditure on all items of education, 50.8 percent of the amount is to be given to the students in the form of course fee. The course fee includes tuition, examination, development fees and other mandatory payments. The report states that the highest expenditure on education after course fees is on books, stationery and uniforms and surprisingly rural students have to spend 10 per cent more on this item than urban students.
The Economic Review report, quoting the NSS report, said that in 2017-18, students studying in government institutions for secondary education received an average of Rs 4,078. While spending in private aided institutions, on an average, they spent Rs 12,487. Similarly, on graduation, a student of a government institution spent an average of Rs 10,501 while a student of a privately aided institute spent Rs 16,769. The review report said that in the absence of competition in government schools and institutes, the quality of education is low and therefore more and more students are taking admission in private institutions.